InternatIonal organIzatIonS. Цілі:формувати навички вживання нових лексичних одиниць; вдосконалю- вати навички читання, аудіювання й усного монологічного мовлення; розви- вати

Цілі:формувати навички вживання нових лексичних одиниць; вдосконалю- вати навички читання, аудіювання й усного монологічного мовлення; розви- вати пізнавальні інтереси учнів; виховувати любов до своєї країни й націо- нальну самосвідомість.


Клас

Дата



1. Warm-up

Do ex. 1, p. 248.

2. Listening


Procedure


Listen about the Council of Europe and do ex. 2, p. 248.

The Council of Europe is an international organization promoting co-operation between all countries of Europe in the areas of legal stand- ards, human rights, democratic development, the rule of law and cultur-

al co-operation. It was founded in 1949, has 47 member states with some

800 million citizens, and is an entirely separate body from the European

Union (EU), which has only 27 member states. Unlike the EU, the Coun-

cil of Europe cannot make binding laws. The two do however share certain

symbols such as the flag of Europe. The Council of Europe has nothing to

do with either the Council of the European Union or the European Council,

which are both EU bodies.

The best known bodies of the Council of Europe are the European

Court of Human Rights, which enforces the European Convention on Hu-

man Rights, and the European Pharmacopoeia Commission, which sets the

quality standards for pharmaceutical products in Europe. The Council of Europe’s work has resulted in standards, charters and conventions to fa-

cilitate cooperation between European countries.

Its statutory institutions are the Committee of Ministers comprising

the foreign ministers of each member state, the Parliamentary Assembly composed of MPs from the parliament of each member state, and the Secre-

tary General heading the secretariat of the Council of Europe. The Commis-

sioner for Human Rights is an independent institution within the Council

of Europe, mandated to promote awareness of and respect for human rights

in the member states.

The headquarters of the Council of Europe are in Strasbourg, France,

with English and French as its two official languages. The Committee of Ministers, the Parliamentary Assembly and the Congress also use German,

Italian, and Russian for some of their work.

While the member states of the European Union transfer national le- gislative and executive powers to the European Commission and the Euro-

pean Parliament in specific areas under European Community law, Council

of Europe member states maintain their sovereignty but commit themselves through conventions (i.e., public international law) and co-operate on the basis of common values and common political decisions. Those conventions and decisions are developed by the member states working together at the



Council of Europe, whereas secondary European Community law is set by

the organs of the European Union. Both organizations function as concen- tric circles around the common foundations for European integration, with

the Council of Europe being the geographically wider circle. The European Union could be seen as the smaller circle with a much higher level of inte-

gration through the transfer of powers from the national to the EU level. Being part of public international law, Council of Europe conventions could

also be opened for signature to non-member states thus facilitating equal co-operation with countries outside Europe.


The Council of Europe’s most famous achievement is the European Con- vention on Human Rights, which was adopted in 1950 following a report by the Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly. The Convention created the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. The Court supervis- es compliance with the European Convention on Human Rights and thus functions as the highest European court for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It is to this court that Europeans can bring cases if they believe that a member country has violated their fundamental rights.

3. Reading

Do ex. 3, p. 249.

4. speaking

Do ex. 4, p. 249.

5. summary

1) Who designed Flag of Europe?

a) 1 Programmer: Paul Gregory

b) 2 Arsu00E8ne Heitz and Paul Lu00E9vy c) 3 Paul Brown

d) 4 Paul Philippe Cret of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

2) What is the leader of Council of Europe called? a) 1 Secretary-General of the United Nations b) 2 Managing Director

c) 3 Commissioner for Human Rights

d) 4 OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media

3) The Council of Europe is one of the oldest international organization working towards … , having been founded in 1949.



a) 1 European integration b) 2 Schengen Area

c) 3 Eurozone d) 4 European Union

4) The Council of Europe Development Bank has its seat in Paris, the North-South Centre of the Council of Europe is established in Lisbon, Portugal, and the Centre for Modern Languages is in Graz, … .

a) 1 Czech Republic b) Hungary c) Poland d) Austria

5) …, Japan, Mexico, the U.S. and the Holy See have observer status with the Council of Europe and can participate in the Committee of Minis- ters and all intergovernmental committees.

a) Canada b) Belize

c) Barbados d) United Kingdom

6) The Council also voted to restore Special Guest status to … , on condi- tion that this country declares a moratorium on the death penalty.

a) Belarus b) Azerbaijan

c) Serbia d) Bosnia and Herzegovina

7) Which of the following lead to the establishment of Council of Eu- rope?

a) 1 Cambodian coup of 1970 b) 3 ASEAN Charter c) Treaty of London (1949) d) Liberation Day

8) The British MP Sir David Maxwell-Fyfe was rapporteur for the draft- ing of the … .

a) 1 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights b) 2 International human rights law

c) 3 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights d) 4 European Convention on Human Rights

Key: 1 b, 2 a, 3 a, 4 d, 5 a, 6 a, 7 d, 8 d.

6. Homework

Look for some information about other international organizations and write about one of them.


Lesson 85

SoCIetY and ItS PeoPle

Цілі:вдосконалювати навички вживання нових лексичних одиниць; вдоско- налювати навички читання, аудіювання й усного монологічного мовлення; розвивати пізнавальні інтереси учнів; виховувати толерантне ставлення до інших i зацікавленість у розширенні своїх знань.


Клас

Дата



1. Warm-up


Procedure


1) What is a society?

2) What kind of improvements would you like to see in your society?

3) Is your society getting better or worse?

4) Are you proud of your society?

2. Listening

Listen to someone’s opinion about living in a society and say how so- ciety influences on people and relationship.

SOCIETY AND ITS PEOPLE

The world we live in always has a changing society because people think

they should fit in certain society standers. It does not make any difference

where you live most people will still try to be with a group of people. A lot of people will pay a lot of money just to be in some groups even if they do

not like the people in the group. I have always tried to do things with people

that make around the same amount of money as I do. I am willing to spend

little more just to do something different as long as I don’t spend money I do not have. Trying to keep up with certain society groups can put your-

selves in a lot of trouble.

Society has a way of making people change their life style for a life style

they really don’t like that much. I have always tried to have a few friends in

every different group of people I am around. If your society of life is based

on that type of life you will always have a lot more friends. Society should not dictate how your life should be lived. You will always have problems

with groups of people if you do not really live their life style. If you try to

keep up with the Joneses all the time you may lose a lot of good friends.

When you see shopping ads that stores create in order make you think you need to pay more, this is a form of high society. The whole society stand- ard is based on how much you can afford to spend on the things you buy.

Most people who make good money will still shop at stores that sell things

cheaper. High society people will always try buy stuff cheaper and most of the time and they will never tell anyone about it.

The next time you think you need to be in a certain society group, check

to see if you really need the people in that group. When you take the time

to see which social group you adapt to best, you will like the idea of just be-

ing with someone you really want to be around. This way you will not have to try to impress people that you really don’t like. Just be yourself and you will have a better social life.

3. Reading

Read some information from the Internet. Answer the questions.

1) What problem is raised in the article?

2) What are the reasons of such lifestyle?

3) What problems do these girls face?

4) What are the ways of solution of these problems in your opinion?

5) Wild teen girls: Dangerous lifestyle patterns

Early in life you aren’t given very many choices. As a child, your pa-

rental figures make them for you, hoping to instill right from wrong. Some


children don’t have model parents and depend ultimately on what their society teaches them. Young in life, some children are abused physically, verbally and / or sexually. Reasons behind wild teen girls and dangerous lifestyle patterns can be many.

The drinking, the drugs and the multiple partners is the easy way out of a temporary problem with long term consequences. You depressed and angry. No one understands except you and your friends with a bottle of liquor, and a bag of weed. You know what is best because only you know you and what you going through. Besides, what have you got to lose?

A major problem with teens, is they don’t have a clue what their resources are. Usually by the time someone realizes there’s a problem, it’s gotten way out of control for the teen. They get lost in the underbelly of their society, making it harder for the teen to turn it around quickly. Established friend- ships with bad influences are tough to break and won’t happen easily.

Since the 60’s, teen suicide rates have tripled. Every year, 1 in 4 teen- agers contracts an STD. Teen pregnancies have only dropped 72 out of every

1,000 females. This includes births, abortions and miscarriages.

High schools now provide daycare for teens still wanting to come back and graduate after giving birth. Police officers are designated to specific school districts to make their presence known. D.A.R.E. has become a joke if it even exists at their schools. Dangerous behavior is becoming more ac- ceptable because now it is expected from teens.

Instead of only giving these girls ways to cope with the out comes of their poor choices, they need positive influences in the early teen years. A good role model can go a long way, especially if they don’t have one at all to begin with. Even though they are old enough to take care of themselves while mom and dad are gone, doesn’t mean they are old enough to handle the pressures of society and potential hazardous outcomes on their own.

We can’t protect anyone from everything, nor is it our responsibi- lity. It is our responsibility as parental figures, teachers, counselors, and community members to promote education. The goal here is to reach these girls before the dangerous lifestyle patterns become a dangerous lifestyle period.

4. speaking

Work in groups

A large area of your country has been set aside by the current govern- ment for the development of a new nation. This area will include an invited international community of 20,000 men and women. Imagine that your group has to decide the laws of this new country.

Discuss the following questions.


1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

7)

8)

9)

10)


Which political system will the country have? What will the official language(s) be?

Will there be censorship?

What industries will your country try to develop? Will citizens be allowed to carry a gun?

Will there be the death penalty? Will there be a state religion?

What kind of immigration policy will there be?

What will the educational system be like? Will there be compulsory education to a certain age?

Who will be allowed to marry?


5. summary

Do ex. 5, p. 250.

6. Homework

Write a short paragraph “How has technology changed society?”


Lesson 86

InternatIonal organIzatIonS

Цілі:вдосконалювати навички вживання нових лексичних одиниць; вдо- сконалювати навички усного мовлення й читання; розвивати культуру спіл- кування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати толерантне ставлення до інших і загальну культуру учнів.


Клас

Дата



1. Warm-up

Do ex. 1, p. 251.

2. Reading and speaking

Do ex. 2, p. 251.

3. Vocabulary practice


Procedure


Fill in the gaps with the words from WORD FILE (p. 251).

All people have the right to (1) … of opportunity.

In the end we (2) … the deal on very favorable terms.

It (3) … acts of Parliament and subordinate legislation made under the authority of the parent act.

Only five of the firm’s employees are (4) … .

A (5) … amount of research was done here by our science department.

The utility company is still working to (6) … power supplies in rural

areas.

Only in one particular (7) … could the court legally override the decision.

Care for the disabled, old, and sick is essential in a (8) … society.

Key: 1 equality, 2 settled, 3 comprises, 4 permanent, 5 considerable,

6 restore, 7 circumstance, 8 civilized.

4. Reading and speaking

Read the text about the Unite Nations Organization and answer the questions.


1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

7)

8)

9)

10)


When was the organization founded? What was the reason of foundation?

Who mentioned the term “United Nations” for the first time? How many first member of the organization were there?

Where was the United Nations Headquarters located at the be- ginning?

Why was the organization criticized?

How many members of organization are there now?

What is the leader of the Unite Nations Organization called? What is the structure of the organization?

What are the main goals of the organization? (To keep peace throughout

the world; to develop friendly relations among nations; to help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger,

disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights

and freedoms; to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.)

The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are


facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic

development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Na-

tions, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.

The League of Nations failed to prevent World War II (1939–1945). Be-

cause of the widespread recognition that humankind could not afford a third world war, the United Nations was established to replace the flawed League

of Nations in 1945 in order to maintain international peace and promote


cooperation in solving international economic, social and humanitarian problems. The earliest concrete plan for a new world organization was begun under the aegis of the U.S. State Department in 1939. Franklin D. Roosevelt first coined the term ‘United Nations’ as a term to describe the Allied count- ries. The term was first officially used on 1 January 1942, when 26 govern- ments signed the Atlantic Charter, pledging to continue the war effort. On

25 April 1945, the UN Conference on International Organization began in San Francisco, attended by 50 governments and a number of non-governmental organizations involved in drafting the United Nations Charter. The UN of- ficially came into existence on 24 October 1945 upon ratification of the Char- ter by the five then-permanent members of the Security Council — France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States — and by a majority of the other 46 signatories. The first meetings of the General Assembly, with 51 nations represented, and the Security Coun- cil, took place in Westminster Central Hall in London in January 1946.

The organization was based at the Sperry Gyroscope Corporation’s fa- cility in Lake Success, New York, from 1946–1952, before moving to the United Nations Headquarters building in Manhattan upon its completion.


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